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Is the process of using low-dose amplitude-X-rays (usually around 0.7 mSv) to examine the human breast and is used as a diagnostic as well as a screening tool. The goal of mammography is the early detection of breast cancer, typically through detection of characteristic masses and/or microcalcifications. Mammography is believed to reduce mortality from breast cancer. No other imaging technique has been shown to reduce risk, but breast self-examination (BSE) and physician examination are considered essential parts of regular breast care.
Like all X-rays, mammograms use doses of ionizing radiation to create images. Radiologists then analyze the image for any abnormal findings. At this time, mammography along with physical breast examination is the modality of choice for screening for early breast cancer